Self-care and Related Factors in Hypertensive Patients: a Literature Review

Moh Rozani





Background: The practice of self-care for hypertensive patients from previous studies, obtained only using some of the variables related to self-care. Comprehensive self-care practices have not been found from previous studies so that the limitations in accessing and studying the practice of self-care carried out by hypertensive patients have not been fully comprehensive.

Objective: Conduct a literature review to find out the variables of self-care practices and related factors that influence them.

Methods: Literature search was carried out through CINAHL, DOAJ, and Pubmed databases and obtained 853 research articles and the completing examination of menus in research articles with a total of 538 articles. After that, the criteria and critical review phase were separated using the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) format with a total 9 articles carried out in a literature review.

Results: Self-care practices have variables that include low-salt diets, reduced caffeine consumption, limiting use tobacco, stress management, physical activity, weight management and increasing compliance with treatment regimens. Factors that influence the practice of self-care include gender, age, martial status, hypertension duration, knowledge, social support, and economic status.

Conclusion: Self-care practice can be influenced by a variety of factors so it is suggested that further researchers be able to implement innovation intervention strategies needed to control related factors.


Keywords: Hypertension, Related Factors, Self-care

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