Spiritualitas dan Kualias Hidup pada Pasien Kanker

Erwin Wiksuarini, Erna Rochmawati, Rahmah Rahmah

Abstract


Latar Belakang:  Spiritualitas dapat memberikan pengaruh positif dalam meningkatkan kualitas hidup dengan menemukan makna dan tujuan dalam hidup

Tujuan:  Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan spiritualitas terhadap kualitas hidup pada pasien kanker di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat

Metode:  Metode penelitian ini menggunkan deskriptif analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional yang diambil menggunakan total sampling yang dilakukan pada bulan Maret sampa April 2018 dengan jumlah sampel 100 pasien kanker yang di rawat di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat. Data dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan instrumen Spiritual Well Being untuk menilai spiritualitas dan EORTC-QLQ C30 untuk menilai kualitas hidup pada pasien kanker.

Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nilai mean dan standar deviasi dari skor spiritualitas adalah 98,84 dan rata-rata skor kualitas hidup adalah 80,50 ± 30,272. Hasil uji statistik menggunakan uji Pearson menunjukkan bahwa spiritualitas secara signifikan berhubungan dengan kualitas hidup pada pasien dengan kanker

Kesimpulan: Spiritualitas dapat berdampak positif terhadap kualitas hidup pasien kanker sehingga aspek spiritualitas perlu perhatian sebagai prioritas dalam perawatan.

Kata Kunci:  Kanker, Kualitas Hidup, Spiritualitas

 

 

Background: Spiritual health is a fundamental concept for discussing chronic diseases such as cancer and a major approach for improving quality of life in patients is through creating meaning and purpose in the life.

Objective: This study aims to know about the correlation of spirituality to quality of life in cancer patients in Public Hospital Province of West Nusa Tenggara

Methods: The study used descriptive analytic with cross sectional. The research has been taken total sampling conducted in March until April 2018 with amount of sample about 100 cancer patients who are treated in Public Hospital Province of West Nusa Tenggara. Data were collected using Spiritual Well Being instrument to assess spirituality and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC-QLQ) to assess quality of life in cancer patients.

Results: The results obtained reported the mean and standard deviation of the spirituality score was 98.84 and the mean and standard deviation of their quality of life score as 80.50±30.272. The statistical test is using Pearson test, it showed that spirituality was significantly associated to quality of life in patients with cancer

Conclusion: Spirituality can be positive impact to quality of life in cancer patients so aspect spirituality can be attention is a priority in the treatment.

Keywords: Spirituality, Quality of Life, Cancer


Full Text:

FULL TEXT PDF

References


Aaronson NK, Ahmedzai S, Bergman B, et al (1993). The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QLQ-C30: a quality-of-life instrument for use in international clinical trials in oncology. J Nat Cancer Institute, 85, 365-76.

Agustini, D. D., Surahman, E., & Abdulah, R. (2015). Kualitas Hidup Pasien Kanker Payudara dengan Terapi Kombinasi Fluorouracil, Doxorubicin, dan Cyclofosfamide. Indonesian Journal of Clinical Pharmacy, 4(3), 175-185.

Al-Natour, A., Al Momani, S. M., & Qandil, A. M. A. (2017). The Relationship Between Spirituality and Quality of Life of Jordanian Women Diagnosed with Breast Cancer. Journal of Religion and Health, 56(6), 2096–2108. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-017-0370-8.

Alshemmari, S., Ezzat, H., Samir, Z., Sajnani, K., & Alsirafy, S. (2010). Symptom burden in hospitalized patients with cancer in kuwait and the need for palliative care. American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, 27(7), 446–449. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049909110362438.

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. (2013). Riset Kesehatan Dasar (RISKESDAS) 2013. Laporan Nasional 2013, 1–384. https://doi.org/1 Desember 2013.

Bhatnagar, S., Gielen, J., Satija, A., Singh, S. P., Noble, S., & Chaturvedi, S. K. (2017). Signs of spiritual distress and its implications for practice in Indian Palliative Care. Indian Journal of Palliative Care, 23(3), 306.

Caldeira, S., Timmins, F., de Carvalho, E. C., & Vieira, M. (2017). Spiritual Well-Being and Spiritual Distress in Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy: Utilizing the SWBQ as Component of Holistic Nursing Diagnosis. Journal of Religion and Health, 56(4), 1489–1502. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-017-0390-4.

Chaar, E. A., Hallit, S., Hajj, A., Aaraj, R., Kattan, J., Jabbour, H., & Khabbaz, L. R. (2018). Evaluating the impact of spirituality on the quality of life, anxiety, and depression among patients with cancer: an observational transversal study. Supportive Care in Cancer, 1-10.

Effendy, C., Vissers, K., Tejawinata, S., Vernooij-Dassen, M., & Engels, Y. (2015). Dealing with Symptoms and Issues of Hospitalized Patients with Cancer in Indonesia: The Role of Families, Nurses, and Physicians. Pain Practice, 15(5), 441–446. https://doi.org/10.1111/papr.12203.

Gall, T. L., & Bilodeau, C. (2017). “Why me?”–women’s use of spiritual causal attributions in making sense of breast cancer. Psychology and Health, 32(6), 709–727. https://doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2017.1293270.

Gundy, C. M., Fayers, P. M., Groenvold, M., Petersen, M. A., Scott, N. W., Sprangers, M. A. G., … Aaronson, N. K. (2012). Comparing higher order models for the EORTC QLQ-C30. Quality of Life Research, 21(9), 1607–1617. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-011-0082-6.

Jafari, N., Farajzadegan, Z., Zamani, A., Bahrami, F., Emami, H., & Loghmani, A. (2013). Spiritual well-being and quality of life in Iranian women with breast cancer undergoing radiation therapy. Supportive Care in Cancer, 21(5), 1219–1225. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-012-1650-1.

Kemenkes RI. (2015). Kanker Pembunuh Papan Atas. Mediakom. Edisi 55.

Khodaveirdyzadeh, R., Rahimi, R., Rahmani, A., Kodayari, N., & Eivazi, J. (2016). Spiritual / Religious Coping Strategies and their Relationship with Illness Adjustment among Iranian Breast Cancer Patients, 17, 4097–4101.

Manandhar, S., Shrestha, D. S., Taechaboonsermsk, P., Siri, S., & Suparp, J. (2014). Quality of life among breast cancer patients undergoing treatment in national cancer centers in Nepal. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention : APJCP, 15(22), 9753–7. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25520099.

Mohebbifar, R., Pakpour, A. H., Nahvijou, A., & Sadeghi, A. (2015). Relationship between spiritual health and quality of life in patients with cancer. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 16(16), 7321–7326.

Ningsih, K., & Handayani, P. K. (2016). Spiritualitas Wanita Penderita Kanker Payudara. Insight: Jurnal Pemikiran Dan Penelitian Psikologi, 9(2).

Paloutzian, R., Bufford, R., & Wildman, A. (2012). Spiritual well-being scale: Mental and physical health relationship. In M. Cobb, C. Puchalski, & B. Rumbold (Eds.), Oxford Textbook of Spirituality in Healthcare. New York: Oxford University Press.

Pratiwi, TF. (2012). Kualitas Hidup penderita Kanker, Developmental and Clinical Psychology. Vol 1 , No 1.

Putri, R. H. (2017). Kualitas hidup pasien kanker ginekologi yang menjalani terapi, 2(1), 69–74.

Rahnama, M., Khoshknab, M. F., Seyed, B. M. S., Ahmadi, F., & Arbabisarjou, A. (2015). Religion as an alleviating factor in Iranian cancer patients: a qualitative study. Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP, 16(18), 8519.

Siegel RL, Miller KD, Jemal A (2015). Cancer statistics, 2015. CA: A Cancer J Clin, 65, 5-29.

Suwendar, S., Fudholi, A., Andayani, T. M., & Sastramihardja, H. S. (2015). Analisis Outcome Humanistik Pada Pasien Kanker Serviks Rawat Inap Selama Menjalani Kemoterapi Di Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung Dengan Menggunakan Kuesioner Eortc Qlq-C30 Versi 3. Prosiding Snapp: Kesehatan (Kedokteran, Kebidanan, Keperawatan, Farmasi, Psikologi), 1(1), 169-174.

Torre LA, Bray F, Siegel RL, et al (2015). Global cancer statistics, 2012. CA: A Cancer J Clin, 65, 87-108.

Zamanian, H., Eftekhar-Ardebili, H., Eftekhar-Ardebili, M., Shojaeizadeh, D., Nedjat, S., Taheri-Kharameh, Z., & Daryaafzoon, M. (2015). Religious coping and quality of life in women with breast cancer. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 16(17), 7721–7725.https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2015.16.17.7721.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Dinamika Kesehatan Jurnal Kebidanan dan Keperawatan

E-ISSN : 2549-4058

p-ISSN : 2086-3454